Kerala , is a state in South India. It was formed on 1 November 1956 following the States Reorganisation Act by combining Malayalam -speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. Kerala is the thirteenth largest state by population and is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvanathapuram. Malayalam is the most widely spoken and the official language of the state.
Hinduism is practiced by more than half of the population, followed by Islam and Christianity.
The production of pepper and natural rubber contributes significantly to the total national output. In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew and spices are important. The state’s coastline extends for 595 kilometers (370 mi), and around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the state’s income. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages, mainly English and Malayalam. Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, beaches, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions.