Notre Dame Cathedral
6 Parvis Notre-Dame – Pl. Jean-Paul II, 75004 Paris, France Phone +33 1 42 34 56 10
Notre-Dame de Paris, also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France. The cathedral is widely considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture. The innovative use of the rib vault and flying buttress, the enormous and colorful rose windows, and the naturalism and abundance of its sculptural decoration all set it apart from earlier Romanesque architecture.
The cathedral was begun in 1160 and largely completed by 1260, though it was modified frequently in the following centuries. In the 1790s, Notre-Dame suffered desecration during the French Revolution when much of its religious imagery was damaged or destroyed. Soon after the publication of Victor Hugo’s novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame in 1831, popular interest in the building revived. A major restoration project supervised by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc began in 1845 and continued for twenty-five years. Beginning in 1963, the facade of the Cathedral was cleaned of centuries of soot and grime, returning it to its original color. Another campaign of cleaning and restoration was carried out from 1991-2000.
As the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Paris, Notre-Dame contains the cathedra of the Archbishop of Paris, currently Michel Aupetit. 12 million people visit Notre-Dame yearly, which makes it the most visited monument in Paris.
Source : wikipedia
The Cathedral Notre Dame is one the top attractions in Paris and probably the most well known Roman Catholic cathedral in the entire world, thanks to Victor Hugo’s novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame. The cathedral is located on the eastern half of the Ile la Cite along the Seine, in the fourth arrondissement. The cathedral is a fine example of Gothic architecture and has a reputation for being one of the most impressive churches worldwide, with its sculptures and stained glass.
GET TO KNOW THE NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL IN PARIS
The Bishop of Paris Maurice de Sully ordered the old cathedral to be demolished in 1160 and construction of the new cathedral, the Notre Dame, was completed in 1345. During the French Revolution, the Cathedral suffered major damages, especially to its religious imagery, but was restored later by Eugene Viollet le Duc starting in 1845. And more recently, in 1991, more restorations took place.
The details of the Notre Dame cathedral worth checking out aren’t all above ground though… beneath the cathedral is an archaeological crypt, which was built in 1965 in order to protect historical relics dating back to the earliest settlements in Paris, and were discovered during construction. One of the major factors in the cathedral is the organ. Several of them have been installed over time but the first ones were not suitable. The first organ that was noteworthy was installed in the 18th century and was built by Francois Henri Clicquot. In the 19th century the organ was nearly completely rebuilt, consisting of 7,374 pipes, but some of the original pipes can still be heard. Due to its overwhelming popularity it’s best to visit Notre Dame during the week when lines to visit the top are shorter. Be sure to check out the crypts of Cathedral Notre Dame which is an often forgotten treasure of this beautiful building!
Source : vidtur.com